FPIK Designs Research Roadmap for Strengthening East Java Mangrove Management

Photo of FGD presenters on mangrove research development: Frida Sidik, Ph.D (Oceanographic Research Center, BRIN) left Prof. Nuddin Harahab (FPIK UB) right FGD Moderator: Dr. Sri Sudaryanti (FPIK UB)

In 2023, mangrove commodity research team from FPIK UB, in collaboration with mangrove stakeholders in East Java, will initiate a holistic mangrove research roadmap. Dean of FPIK UB, Prof. Maftuch said that this Roadmap aims to carry out integrated research from upstream to downstream, with research materials that are aligned with the needs of mangrove management stakeholders in East Java. Meanwhile, the head of UB mangrove commodity research team, Prof. Nuddin Harahab said holistic research was needed to obtain an adaptive and sustainable mangrove ecosystem management model.

“A holistic research approach that integrates various multidisciplinary sciences, both ecological, physical, environmental and socio-economic, is very necessary to produce sustainable mangrove ecosystem management models,” said Prof. Nuddin Harahab, head of FPIK UB mangrove commodity research team.

The preparation of this roadmap is divided into two activities, namely FGD with mangrove stakeholders in East Java, as well as a field trip to identify problems and research needs in the mangrove area.

The FGD was held on (15/11/2023), at the Swissbell Hotel, Malang. This activity was attended by 30 participants, consisting of elements from mangrove management agencies (East Java Province DLH, Malang Forestry Service Branch and Malang Maritime and Fisheries Service Branch), mangrove management communities (CMC Malang and Pokmaswas Kejung Samudera, Cengkrong, Trenggalek), Working Group Regional Mangroves of East Java Province and mangrove researchers from the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN).

As a socio-ecosystem (an ecosystem that is closely related to society), holistic mangrove research themes include the integration of research on ecological, environmental and socio-economic themes. This aims to support the management of mangrove ecosystems which face the threat of environmental change.

“The main issues for mangrove research in Indonesia and globally are the impact of climate change, mangrove restoration techniques, blue carbon and the role of citizen science in managing mangrove ecosystems,” said Frida Sidik, Ph.D, BRIN senior mangrove researcher.

As a result of this FGD activity, a holistic research road map for mangrove management in East Java, for the 2023 – 2032 period was prepared. “There are four research stages in this roadmap, consisting of the first stage is creating a mangrove profile in East Java, the second stage is bioecological research mangroves in changing environmental conditions, the third stage is socio-economic research on mangroves, and the fourth stage is research related to mangrove ecosystem management innovations,” Dr. Sri Sudaryanti, member of FPIK UB mangrove commodity team.

Besides FGD, the activities carried out were field trips. In December 2023, the mangrove commodity team and BRIN visited Clungup Mangrove Conservation (CMC), as one of the potential locations for a mangrove research station. The mangrove research station is an implementation of community-based research (citizen science), where the community is actively involved in collecting data on mangrove ecosystem and other parameters. “CMC is a location that has great potential to be developed into a mangrove research station. Apart from the relatively high diversity of mangroves, this location has become an icon for the success of community-based mangrove management (CBMM). “The development of CMC as a mangrove research station also aims to increase community skills and participation in monitoring mangrove ecosystems.” Dhira Khurniawan Saputra, member of the FPIK UB mangrove commodity research team.

Meanwhile, mangroves are coastal ecosystems that are very important for the sustainability of the capture fisheries sector, preventing abrasion and storing carbon (mitigating climate change). Indonesia has 3.36 million ha of mangrove forests, making it the country with the largest mangrove forest area (23% of the total mangroves in the world). However, Indonesia is also one of the countries with the highest rate of mangrove destruction in the world, with a level of damage reaching 52,000 ha/year. In addition to human activities, mangroves also face natural threats. The impact of climate change is resulting in shifts in natural processes (hydro-oceanographic and atmospheric), as well as increasing the intensity of extreme weather. Climate change causes increased intensity of storms, increased sea levels, increased water temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns and other threats.

East Java itself is the province with the largest mangrove area on the island of Java (27.2 thousand ha). The mangroves are distributed along the north coast, islands and south coast. On the other hand, high human activity in coastal areas, especially on the north coast, has caused most of the mangroves in East Java to have been converted to other uses. This causes the existence of mangroves in East Java to be very dependent on management interventions. Good mangrove management will be able to increase the quantity and quality of environmental services (ecosystem services) provided by mangrove ecosystem. Therefore, research on this theme is a primary need for stakeholders managing mangrove ecosystems in East Java. (*/OKY/UB PR/ Trans. Iir).