Doctoral ServiceTeam (UB) chaired by Prof.Dr.Ir. Moch. Sasmito Djati, MS with drh. Widi Nugroho, Ph.D, Dr. Ir. Kuswati, M.S., Prof. Dr. Ir. Tri Eko Susilorini, M.P., Wike Andre Septian, S.Pt., M.Si; Rini Dwi Wahyuni, M.Sc., S.Pt., MP, provided education about the outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) to farmers at the Al Fatih Islamic Boarding School in Sumber Papan Hamlet, Klampar Village, Proppo District, Pamekasan Regency, Madura Island.
This activity was carried out to improve the quality of business management for beef cattle, dairy, and the function of Islamic boarding schools as non-formal education to support food security and strengthen the application of biosecurity in efforts to prevent FMD which is supported by technological innovations in waste management and education on sources of fiber as the main feed for ruminants. .
In his presentation to the breeders, one of the DM teams, drh. Widi Nugroho, Ph.D explained that livestock infected with FMD will experience erosion around the mouth, causing the livestock’s appetite to decrease drastically, besides that erosion also occurs in the toenails, thus limiting the movement of the livestock.
“At this time, with fast handling, the FMD virus can be controlled and prevention can be done with vaccinations that are being carried out,” he said.
He added that in order to control and prevent reinfection from occurring, it is necessary to strengthen strict biosecurity at the level of smallholder farms and the livestock industry.
To increase immunity, the DM team also introduced FMD porridge to increase and restore energy when livestock do not want to eat when exposed to FMD.
“The composition of PMK porridge consists of groats or juwawut, brown rice and palm sugar. These ingredients are cooked and given to livestock in warm conditions,” said drh. widi.
Besides education, the team also introduced Appropriate Technology (TTG) for handling cattle waste to achieve biosecurity strengthening.
“We provided a grinder machine grant for cow feces to increase yields and added value from the processing of livestock waste, as well as a sprayer for boots which is one of the SOP in the biosecurity program,” said one member of the Team, Dr. Ir. Kuswati, M.S
Outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in cattle are currently a topic of conversation in Indonesia, until now FMD cases have been reported in 18 provinces.
FMD spreads quickly between cattle, although it is not contagious to humans. This incident was quite surprising for the livestock world considering that after 40 years it was declared free from FMD.
The first reported incident was an incident in Mojokerto, East Java.
The spread is relatively very fast, considering that currently several cases have been reported in 16 provinces in Indonesia.
The loss from this case is not only the illness of the livestock, but also the economic and social impacts of the breeders.
Pamekasan Regency is one of the livestock barns on Madura Island, and is also a district affected by FMD, so it is necessary to carry out community empowerment activities to increase potential and human resources.
Empowerment of human resources at Islamic boarding schools is integrated with agricultural and animal husbandry businesses.
“This business is not only business-oriented but also for the welfare of Islamic boarding schools and partner breeders, said one member of the team, Dr. Ir. Kuswati, M.S.
Prof. Sasmito hopes that through Community Service activities at the Al Fatih Islamic boarding school and other breeder partners can help minimize the risk of FMD reinfection.
“Livestock to be free from FMD will take years,” he said. (Humas UB/ Trans. Iir)