Discovering Numerous Shortcomings at SDN 2 Dampit, Education Administration Program of FIA UB Urges Government to Seriously Address Inclusive Education

The Sarjana’s Program of Education Administration Team from the Faculty of Administrative Science at Universitas Brawijaya (FIA UB) visited State Elementary School 2 Dampit on Thursday (2/5). The visit, besides commemorating National Education Day, was aimed at conducting direct observation and data collection for a research proposal prepared by Jauharah Haniyah. Hani, as she is commonly known, is a student in the program and also has a hearing impairment. In her research, Hani is interested in understanding how inclusive education is implemented in the school.
During the visit, the program team was represented by Dr. Hermawan, M.Si., Dr. Abd. Qadir Muslim, M.Pd., and Aulia Luqman Aziz, M.Pd. Representing the team, Hermawan stated that their visit to SDN 2 Dampit was to directly assess the condition of inclusive education implementation there. Through Hani, they learned that SDN 2 Dampit is the only public school in the Dampit District, Malang Regency, and its surrounding districts mandated directly by the Ministry of Education and Culture to implement inclusive education. “Hani’s research topic is the first of its kind among our supervised students, so we were compelled to understand how inclusive education is practiced in this school,” Hermawan said.
Meanwhile, the Headmaster of SDN 2 Dampit, Sulistyowati, S.Pd., M.M., welcomed Hani and the team of lecturers that day. She expressed openness to any students interested in researching or interning at the institution she has led since 2023. According to her, the school has long received authorization for inclusive education from the central government. However, there has been little actual support or facilities provided by the government for its implementation so far. “We only have one Special Education Teacher (Guru Pendamping Khusus, GPK), while we have received 16 students with special needs. Obviously, this situation is quite burdensome,” she said.
Furthermore, they have made efforts to encourage the only GPK in the school to ensure her employment status, by participating in PPPK or CPNS selections. However, these efforts have encountered obstacles. It should be noted that the current status of the GPK at SDN 2 Dampit is still as a Non-Permanent Teacher (GTT). “When Ms. Indri (the GPK’s name) wanted to apply, it turned out there was no position available for her (inclusion teacher), so she failed to register. Finally, now we encourage her to participate in PPG first because we need her expertise,” she said.
From this dialogue, the lecturers’ team began to identify the root of the problem, namely the lack of synchronization between central government policies and their implementation at the local level. With many school-aged children around Dampit having special needs, while the school’s capacity is very limited, it is not uncommon for the school to reject prospective students. This situation cannot be ignored, and there must be special attention from the central government. Namely, by clarifying the status of inclusive education teachers. Although they both have the ability to assist students with disabilities, they are less fortunate compared to their colleagues, special education teachers, who find it easier to obtain employment status. “Yet currently, there are more and more students with special needs entrusted to inclusive public schools compared to special schools because of cost considerations,” added Hermawan.