Formulating the Development Strategy of Peanut Goats in the Southeast Sulawesi, a Lecturer of Halu Oleo University Achieves Doctoral Title

Ir. Syam Rahadi, S.Pt.,M.P.M.M,IPM

Lecturer of the Faculty of Animal Science, University of Halu Oleo (UHO) Kendari Ir. Syam Rahadi, S.Pt.,M.P.M.M,IPM received his doctorate (Dr.) after taking the final open dissertation exam, Friday (15/7/2022) through his research entitled “Genetic Potential, Population Dynamics, and Development Strategies of Peanut Goats in Southeast Sulawesi Islands”. Southeast Sulawesi became the research location since it is one of the distribution areas of goats in Indonesia with a population of 195,575 heads which is dominated by peanut goats. Unfortunately, the pattern of raising goats there, in general, is still carried out traditionally with limited breeder skills, only utilizing available livestock genetic resources, not paying attention to good seed standards, and goats being released freely in rice fields, fields, and markets.

This results in an increase in the coefficient of inbreeding, which causes a decrease in birth weight, weaning weight, overall growth in milk production, fat content, and milk protein.

“Based on the typology, the Southeast Sulawesi region is an archipelago with two hilly topography, an altitude in 100-500 above sea level. So it has great potential for the development of peanut goats. Therefore, an effective and sustainable peanut goat breeding program and development strategy is needed,” said Syam

Research promoted by Prof. V.M. Ani Nurgiartiningsih, Prof. Trinil Susilawati, and Prof. Gatot Ciptadi studied phenotype and morphometric characteristics, productivity, reproducibility, population dynamics, and breeder characteristics.

From the results of the study, several main priorities were found as a strategy for developing peanut goats in the Southeast Sulawesi Islands, such as increasing the human resources of breeders through goat farming business training, developing superior peanut goat breeding centers, forming associations/brotherhood groups, establishing and optimizing Animal Health Centers (Puskeswan), and the use of appropriate technology in goat farming.

Meanwhile, breeding efforts can be carried out by strengthening government policies, formulating breeding objectives, strengthening markets, strengthening infrastructure, developing human resources, evaluating livestock genetic quality, implementing selection and mating systems, strengthening breeder capital, and applying appropriate technology. (dta/Humas UB/ Trans. Iir)