Center for Environmental Studies LPPM UB started community service activities in the Coaching Clinic National Slum Upgrading Project (NSUP) City without Slums Program (KOTAKU) in March 2023.
The activities facilitated by Malang City Regional Development Planning Agency were held in order to increase understanding and skills in preparing planning documents (master plan, site plan) and availability of Readiness Criteria (RC) documents for the Thematic Special Allocation Fund for Integrated Slum Alleviation (DAK integration) in 2024.
The event which was held at the Grand Mercure Malang Mirama on Tuesday (21/3/2023) and Friday (24/3/2023) was attended by the ranks of Bapeda, Public Work Service, Spatial Planning, Housing and Settlement Areas, Regional Financial and Asset Agencies, Malang City Land Office, Kedung Kandang District Head, Mergosono and Kotalama Village Heads, the KOTAKU Team and the East Java Settlement Infrastructure Center.
LPPM Center for Environmental Studies represented by its chairman, Ir. Agung Murti Nugroho, ST., MT., Ph.D was given the opportunity to provide innovative suggestions for dealing with slum settlements, especially those in Mergosono and Kotalama Villages of Malang.
This proposal is based on a field review of the proposed DAK location on Tuesday (21/3/2023) to find out the problems and existing conditions of houses that are categorized as slums. The results of this identification form the basis for designing a livable house model.
Innovation of livable house models based on natural architectural concepts or commonly known as bio-architecture.
The proposed model includes a base model measuring four meters by four and a half meters and consisting of two floors.
There are five main innovations for livable houses, namely: thematic houses, growing houses, shady houses, resilient houses and traditional houses.
Thematic home innovations are related to water conservation, where the main element is the rainwater harvesting roof which functions to meet 72% of water needs, water reserves for fire protection, watering plants, passive cooling and reducing surface water runoff.
Innovations for healthy and prosperous growing houses include vertical garden elements that support the city gardening program, improve the city’s climate, improve air quality, improve environmental beauty and have economic value (vegetable and herbal plants).
The innovation of natural comfortable shady houses consists of air conditioning and lighting systems to lower air temperature and humidity, increase air flow and natural lighting and reduce electricity consumption.
Disaster response resilient housing innovations include the use of Simple Healthy Instant Homes (RISHA) products which are cost effective, easy to build, use local materials, are earthquake resistant and more resistant to fire. The latest innovation is a culturally smart traditional house that focuses on a culture of preserving the environment by utilizing wetland parks to reduce waste disposal, improve river quality, support beauty, have economic value with vetiver, teaching environmentally friendly traditions and a culture of nature sustainability. The integration of these five innovations in a livable house model costs no more than fifty million rupiahs.
The follow-up to the proposed innovation model for livable houses is an action plan for the program for the Preparation of Plans for the Prevention and Improvement of the Quality of Slum Housing and Slum Settlements Public Works, Spatial Planning, Housing and Settlement Areas of Malang City which involves lecturers, undergraduate and postgraduate students Universitas Brawijaya (UB). (PSLH/Humas UB/ Trans. Iir)