The head of SMONAGENES study center Universitas Brawijaya (UB), Prof. Fatchiyah, M.Kes., PhD, was invited as Keynote Speaker at the 1st International Rice Network (IRN) International Conference on Plant Phenolics for Prevention and Treatment of Cancer and Neurodegenerative and Inflammatory Diseases on 21 – 22 July 2022.
This activity was organized online by Suranaree University of Technology (SUT) Thailand. In addition, this international conference is a form of cooperation in rice research that has been running for three years between PS SMONAGENES UB, SUT Thailand, and South Korea, with funding from the International Research Network (IRN) Thailand and LPDP Indonesia.
In this international scientific meeting, Prof. Fatchiyah, M.Kes., PhD explained about pigmented rice as a functional food packaged under the title pigmented – rice extract compounds act as nutraceutical dietary signals to prevent human metabolic and degenerative diseases.
Through research on pigmented rice for more than 3 years, Prof. Fatchiyah and the Smonagenes team have found several bioactive compounds that can overcome metabolic diseases.
“Black rice contains anthocyanin bioactive compounds that function as anti-obesity, purple rice which is predicted to be a cross between black rice and white rice contains ferulic acid compounds that function to prevent premature aging,” said Prof. Fatchiyah in her presentation.
Quoted from the book by Prof. Fatchiyah et al entitled Original Indonesian Pigmented Rice, pigmented rice contains secondary metabolites that are stored in the husk of the grain, the husk or bran, and the rice seeds. Rice bran contains compounds that are classified as oils and is rich in vitamin E.
“Black rice contains four types of anthocyanins namely cyanidin, cyanidin – 3 – O – glucoside, peonidin, and peonidin – 3-O- glucoside which have the potential as anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity in vivo and in silico,” she explained.
Prof. Fatchiyah also added that brown rice contains the bioactive compound cyanidin which functions as an antidiabetic through the inhibition of AGE-RAGE and glucosidase activity. In addition, brown rice husk contains phenolic bioactive compounds in the form of pinocembrin as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial.
In the presentation of this material, it can be concluded that metabolic and degenerative diseases can be overcome by regulating food nutrition, especially the consumption of pigmented rice which is rich in bioactive compounds. [SMONAGENES/Humas UB/ Trans. Iir]