The Meaning of ‘Tut Wuri Handayani’ and the Effect of Pandemic according to UB Expert of Education

Seeing the development of the Covid-19 pandemic situation which cases continue to decline, the Ministry of Education and Technology on March 24, 2022, through the Circular Letter of the Minister of Education and Technology Number 3 of 2022, announced the implementation of Face-to-face Learning (PTM) Limited to educational units again following the provisions stipulated in the Joint Decree ( SKB) of four ministers, namely the Minister of Education and Culture, the Minister of Religion, the Minister of Health, and the Minister of Home Affairs.

The Circular also explains that student parents/guardians are given the option to allow their children to take part in Limited PTM or Distance Learning (PJJ).

Responding to this, Universitas Brawijaya (UB) Education Expert, Aulia Luqman Aziz, S.Pd., M.Pd said, the existence of a Limited PTM policy again shows the original spirit of education, namely face-to-face interaction between teachers and students.

With the pandemic, inevitably the trend of learning using online media will color the education system in the future. There are various Learning Management Systems (LMS) that develop with various E-Learning modes.

According to Luqman, technological developments that are increasingly intense will never be able to replace the spirit of education, namely the interaction of teachers and students.

“The interaction of teachers and students cannot be limited by any media, since it has the greatest impact on students. Because learning is not just a matter of knowledge being transferred, but there are other things that will not be obtained through online methods, for example character education, ways of speaking and behaving, manners, learning manners, discipline, and other examples that can be useful for students,” he explained.

The lecturer of Faculty of Administrative Sciences UB continued, the concept of blended learning, which is half online and half face-to-face, has actually existed since before the pandemic, so it won’t be a problem, as long as it doesn’t eliminate the essence of face-to-face learning.

He made an analogy with the martial arts school, where a student does not simply learn various moves, but rather has the attitude of a true warrior. Do not let the tactics that have been learned are misused to commit crimes. A student must see the figure of his teacher, so that he can observe and imitate his attitude.

The existence of teacher-student interaction, said Luqman, is also useful for an educator to be able to direct students to be able to develop their talents and interests. Especially for students in villages who are less able to get internet access for online learning.

“Intelligence is diverse. Some like to interact with nature so they can become geologists or biologists. But there are also those who prefer to be in the library studying theory, becoming mathematicians. Every child already has intelligence that is given by God, the task of educators is to direct students to develop and upgrade their strengths,” said the man from Malang.

With various conveniences in obtaining knowledge due to technological advances, according to Luqman, there is a need for a change in focus from the teacher as the spearhead of knowledge or teacher centered learning, to student centered learning, namely the learning center is in the students, and the teacher as a facilitator.

“This is actually in accordance with the principles of education that were initiated by Ki Hajar Dewantoro, the father of our education. Namely Ing Ngarso Sung Tulodho, Ing Madyo Mangun Karso, Tut Wuri Handayani. So, shifting the teacher as a learning facilitator is in order to fulfill the idea of Tut Wuri Handayani. This is also called as inquiry method, where the teacher gives encouragement in the form of problems, then students look for answers, and convey the results of their research to the teacher in the form of assignments, projects, portfolios, papers, or essays,” said the man who is also the language editor and journal consultant.

Luqman explained, this method has been carried out at Universitas Brawijaya (UB) with the name Problem Based Learning (PBL), where the lecturer gives real problems and intersects with real situations, and students look for solutions or alternative solutions to the problem. Second, the Case Based Method, where students are given a case then have to carry out a project, discuss, and make a report on the work on the case.

“Teachers have to start changing their mindset to no longer be the main source of knowledge but a facilitator. With this method, students will automatically change their mindset to become an active seeker of knowledge, no longer passive,” hoped Luqman.

Following up on the Circular of the Minister of Education and Technology, UB Rector Prof. Dr. Ir. Nuhfil Hanani AR., M.S conveyed his plan to start offline learning in the next semester. However, we will continue to see the development of Covid-19 and discuss it first with the deans.

In commemorating the National Education Day 2022 which falls on May 2, the Rector hopes that UB can continue to take part in advancing and educating the nation’s children by providing higher quality education.

“Besides that, it is hoped that UB will be able to present innovations that can be used directly by the community and for the progress of the nation,” concluded the Rector. [Irene/ Humas UB/ Trans. Iir]

UB Education Expert; Aulia Luqman Aziz, S.Pd., M.Pd

  From Berita UB