Five UB Students Create Environmentally Friendly Flats

The phenomenon of increasing population that occurs in Indonesia is like two sides of a coin. The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) revealed that during the last two years there has been an increase in the population. In 2020, the population will increase by 1.5% or 270 million people, while in 2021 it will increase to 272 million people. An opportunity if used as an effort to develop human resources. However, it poses a threat to the availability of land and food, the need for clean water, and environmental pollution.

One of the environmental pollution caused by household waste. The National Waste Management Information System in 2021 informs that the total amount of household waste and the similar reaches more than 41 million tons spread across several parts of Indonesia. There are indications of an increase in public consumption in line with the population explosion that threatens Indonesia. On the other hand, the higher demand for adequate residential land has an impact on the high land conversion, including agricultural land.

Based on the background abov, five students from UB across faculties initiated a concept of Eco-Smart Building to solve the problem of increasing population in the world.

The Eco-Smart Building concept is a residential concept in the form of an apartment, in which there is a unified environmentally friendly system that will process household waste such as garbage and used washing water assisted by Artificial Intelligence (AI). This concept is combined with underground farming so that residents can carry out farming activities without depending on the season or land.

The team leader, Tarisa said that in the Eco-Smart Building there is a unified system that utilizes waste water and household waste into renewable energy. This energy will later be channeled into underground farming.

“This idea can be said to be smart because the system programming in it has utilized AI so that there is a sustainable modernity, both in waste processing activities and farming activities,” said Tarisa.

The Agribusiness student explained, with the construction of the Eco-Smart Building, the waste generated in the household is separated into organic and inorganic. Organic waste will be accommodated in a waste banker until the waste fermentation process occurs which will produce leachate and methane gas. The leachate will be further processed into Liquid Organic Fertilizer (POC), while the methane gas will be converted into electrical energy.

The Eco-Smart Building innovation is a breakthrough for flats by utilizing household waste and the limitations of artificial intelligence-based agricultural land. This innovation is expected to be able to reach the lower middle class people to get a decent living space. This breakthrough puts forward the management of household waste and wastewater through the concept of renewable energy with an underground agricultural system.

“If the Eco-Smart Building is realized, then several points of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be realized. There is point number seven that is clean and affordable energy, number eleven is about sustainable cities and settlements, then aligned with number twelve to ensure responsible consumption and production patterns,” said Tarisa.

The Eco-Smart Building created by Tarisa (Agribusiness), Rifanjani Khumairoh Vita Dewi (Agribusiness), Uswatun Khasanah (Agribusiness), Furqan Maulana Pranata (Information Technology), and Kesid Dewa Wicaksana (Informatics Engineering) are included in the VGK PKM under the guidance of Vi’in Ayu Pertiwi, SP., MP they will compete to advance in the 35th PIMNAS event. (TARRISA/Humas UB/ Trans. Iir)