The International Law Study Team of the Faculty of Law UB held a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) at the Office of the Indonesian Maritime Security Agency (BAKAMLA RI), Wednesday (16/11/2022) in Jakarta. This activity is in the context of carrying out the Lecturer WorksProgram with the theme “Combating Marine Pollution due to Plastic Waste Based on International Law.”
The FGD identified international and national provisions relating to pollution at sea due to plastic waste, harmonization between international and national law, as well as obstacles faced by BAKAMLA RI in enforcing law at sea.
Indonesia is the second largest contributor of plastic waste after China. With the availability of international and national legal instruments in tackling pollution at sea, the number of pollution at sea should be reduced through adequate law enforcement. Unfortunately, law enforcement in handling pollution at sea is not sufficient.
In this FGD, the study team found that the main problem in law enforcement related to environmental pollution was due to the non-integration of existing information.
Coordination and lack of funds in supporting enforcement processes at sea also contribute to weak law enforcement, especially regarding pollution from plastic waste.
“For law enforcement regarding plastic waste in the sea, to be honest, we are still working on this. This is because we have not been able to impose sanctions on the perpetrators, because we ourselves do not know and it is difficult to know whether the perpetrators who throw garbage in the sea are Indonesian citizens or not. So we are still working on how to enforce the law against the perpetrators of marine plastic pollution,” said Hudiansyah in an FGD at Bakamla RI, Jakarta.
Hudiansyah also explained that unlike oil spills and other polluting materials, it is very difficult to trace plastic waste as to who was actually the perpetrator who dumped the plastic, were they Indonesian citizens or foreign? Is this garbage coming from Indonesia or from outside Indonesia?
Thus, further steps are needed to integrate information in supporting the implementation of law enforcement at sea.
The FGD resulted in an MoU between the Rector and the Head of BAKAMLA RI followed by PKS with the Dean of the Faculty of Law; joint research studies; joint research; work internships for students; as well as further study of Bakamla HR to FHUB.
The Lecturer Works Program (Dokar) is a lecturer with activities outside the campus to enhance university cooperation with external partners. The FGD within the framework of the Dokar program consisted of a team of lecturers from the International Law Compartment, and the Undergraduate Science Study Program
The FGD was attended by the head of the Study Team, Dhiana Puspitawati, SH, L.LM, Ph.D along with a team of other lecturers, Dr. Adi Kusumaningrum, SH, MH, Rika Kurniaty, SH, MA, Ph.D, Yasniar Rachmawati, SH, MH, Prischa Listiningrum, SH, L.LM and 2 FHUB students, Ida Bagus Ayodya Maheswara and Rangga Vandy Wardana. Meanwhile, from BAKAMLA, the Head of the Marine Distress Information Office, Colonel Bakamla Asep Budiman, Head of the Maritime Air Operations Support Sub-Directorate, Colonel Bakamla Krisworo Ramawijaya, Associate Public Relations Officer, Colonel Bakamla Suhardi Sitepu, SH, MH, Policy Analysis Associate Expert at the Directorate of Law, Colonel Bakamla Hudiansyah Is Nursal, SH, M.I.L.I.R, Junior Expert Policy Analysis Directorate of Law, Major Bakamla Novi Sandra Mayangsari, SH, MH, Legal Analysis Directorate of Law, Lettu BAkamla Pradhiptya Khrisna, SH and Legal Analysis Directorate of Law, Lettu Bakamla Cendra Duta Patria, SH . (*/Humas UB/ Trans. Iir).