UB Lecturers Become Contributors of International Library and Information Science Book Chapters

Two lecturers from the Library Science Study Program, Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Brawijaya University (FIA UB), Dr. Muhammad Shobaruddin, MA and Muhammad Rosyihan Hendrawan, M.Hum are contributors to the International Book Chapter entitled Multidisciplinary Approach to Information Technology in Library and Information Science. This book chapter is published by one of the leading publishers in the world, namely IGI Global Publisher from the United States. This book chapter contains a variety of multidisciplinary topics in the field of Library and Information Science.

In this book chapter, they contributed to publishing research results in a chapter entitled “Toward a Convergence of Memory Institutions in the Indonesian Presidential Library”, which was a collaborative writing by the two of them. Then, another chapter is entitled “Initiating Memory Institutions Convergence Through Digital Convergence in Indonesian World Heritage Sites” which is a written collaboration between Hendrawan and two experts from the School of Information Science, College of Computing, Informatics and Mathematics Universiti Teknolgi MARA (UiTM) Malaysia.

Shobaruddin and Hendrawan said that the writing they submitted was a form of their commitment to developing the field of Library and Information Science in Indonesia and to support the improvement of UB’s main performance indicators (IKU). In addition, this article is the result of field studies and their research output over the last few years funded by UB research grants.

Dr. Muhammad Shobaruddin, MA

Toward a Convergence of Memory Institutions in the Indonesian Presidential Library, written by Shobaruddin and Hendrawan, explains that libraries, archival institutions and museums as memory institutions have a very valuable role in preserving the cultural heritage of an advanced nation. Both authors conveyed that collaboration between the three memory institutions is quite challenging in Indonesia. Cohesive procedures and accessibility are essential in serving society universally as necessary to preserve and promote cultural heritage. It seems that good systems and balance are needed to achieve and maintain a successful convergence initiative.

“The value of these three memory institutions cannot only be measured through the format, rarity and completeness of the collections within the walls of the room or in the database, but beyond that, all three must be able to have capabilities that support authenticity, accessibility, and preservation of the collective memory of the nation and state, to support inclusive reading of history and culture,” explained Shobaruddin, who is also the Head of Information Systems and Public Relations Management at FIA UB.

The two authors identify and group various concepts, practices, characteristics and types of implementation of the three memory institutions by highlighting a case in the Bung Karno Proclamator Library, which is one of the Presidential Libraries in Indonesia that manages the three memory institutions.

Muhammad Rosyihan Hendrawan, M.Hum

Meanwhile, Initiating Memory Institutions Convergence Through Digital Convergence in Indonesian World Heritage Sites, written by Hendrawan with two experts from UiTM Malaysia, namely Assoc. Prof. Azman Mat Isa, Ph.D. and Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Zam Hariro Samsudin, Ph.D. sharpens the latest developments, namely the convergence of archival institutions, libraries and museums which has become a trend in the international world. In developed countries, this convergence has become a country’s cultural policy. In this paper, the authors aim to present the challenges related to building a system of convergence and digitalization of cultural heritage in the light of local laws and policies. The OCMHS or Ombilin Sawahlunto Coal Mine Heritage Site is one of them where the process of digitizing cultural heritage is ongoing and is expected to continue to develop dynamically, both through government and community programs.

Hendrawan and the two Malaysian UiTM experts stated that the Ombilin Coal Mining Heritage of Sawahlunto (OCMHS), which is the location of their research, is one of the world heritage sites in Indonesia. Convergence of three memory institutions could begin at OCMHS. The authors try to initiate convergence through studying information systems for memory institutions and developing cascades using information system design techniques. Best practices at OCMHS can be another example in preserving and increasing access to Indonesia’s global cultural heritage.

Digitalization in the narrow sense means changing analog data into digital form. Viewed more broadly through the concept of cultural heritage protection, digitalization does not only mean changing analog to digital, but also related to the organizational system by applying standards. This is not a simple procedure since it requires many supporting factors, including human resource readiness, governance and systems for memory institutions.

The two book chapters passed after going through a strict selection and curation process for almost a year, since 2023, edited directly by the Editor in Chief and IGI Global publishing research scholars, namely Barbara Holland and Keshav Sinha as Global Soft Computing experts.

This book consists of 15 chapters, 350 pages and a total of 30 contributors or authors whose writings have passed from all over the world. This book was officially published in January 2024 and launched at the end of December 2023. This book chapter was launched in two formats, namely electronic and printed.

“The opportunity to participate in making the ideas explicit in this article is a blessing for us in raising the name of Indonesia, and is the result of the support of the research atmosphere at UB. We hope that UB leaders and the Indonesian government will continue to support lecturers to carry out thematic research in our field,” said Hendrawan.

In the future, Shobaruddin and Hendrawan hope that memory institutions on campus will also begin to be initiated not only in the form of rooms or buildings, but so that they can become a timeline of authentic evidence of a university’s journey that is easily accessible to the public.

Until now, international agreements have been discussed in collaborating to manage the world’s cultural and intellectual heritage. Realizing the international situation and spirit, the Indonesian people certainly do not want to just be spectators of the consequences of this global agreement. This means that the Indonesian people must prepare themselves to successfully take advantage of opportunities.

“At UB, currently there needs to be initiation, policy and better governance in managing UB’s collective memory, through memory institutions owned by UB such as museums, galleries, libraries and archival institutions. Because the convergence of the functions of libraries, archives and museums in the international world, including at universities, has been rolling again and has accelerated since the beginning of the 21st century. It is said to be rolling again because from the start, in fact, the three institutions were one institution that carried out these three functions. This needs to be followed by a government commitment to provide large investments, and in some countries even responding to this challenge by establishing new institutions and encouraging more intense discussions between libraries, archival institutions and museums. Increasing ease of access to knowledge for users of the three institutions is often cited as a reason for the need of convergence. Basically, the collection of the three memory institutions is a source of knowledge. Even though it is in different forms, knowledge is clearly needed for a topic from library sources in libraries, archives in archival institutions, as well as artifacts from museum collections,” said Shobarudin. [***/ UB PR/ Trans. Iir]