Native chicken is Indonesian local chicken which rearing is released freely and is not mass-cultivated for commercial purposes so that the chicken meat produced is healthier because it is not contaminated with chemicals used for treatment or administration of vitamins.
The market demand for chicken meat is increasing but breeders have not been able to fulfill it. So that there was an innovation of cross-breeding between male and female native chickens of Bangkok laying race, which was called jowo super (joper) native chicken. Several groups of poultry farmers have developed this chicken but have not implemented optimal breeding and feed management. Like the livestock group partners of UD. Berline Farm located in Nganjuk Regency, Jombang Regency, Kediri City, Blitar Regency and Tulungagung Regency.
Responding to this, the Lecturer of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Brawijaya (Fapet UB) provides assistance to improve Breeding and feed management to partner,UD. Beline Farm. The activity which was carried out from September-October 2022 was chaired by Yuli Frita Nuningtyas, M.Sc., whose members were Prof. M. Halim Natsir, Prof. Osfar Sjofjan, Prof. V.M. Ani Nurgiartiningsih, Dr. Muharlien, and Ahmad Khoirul Umam, M.Sc. As well as involving undergraduate program students consisting of Arlieza Rizki, Tiara Durriyatul Ilmy Siregar, Iqbal Gangsar Gautama, and Fitdya Puji Rahayu.
The activities they carry out are socialization and discussion related to the process of selecting joper chickens from the starter phase to the finisher. Followed by a video showing the breeding of joper chickens in an open house cage. Meanwhile, to improve capabilities in the field of feed, the team conducted socialization on the introduction of local feed ingredients and their potential as joper chicken feed ingredients. As well as providing training and assistance in preparing feed using formulation software.
According to Frita, the prospect of cultivating joper chickens is very potential since they are easy to maintain, resistant to noise (can live in urban areas) both in the lowlands/highlands, more resistant to disease and stress, stable selling prices, easy to market, dirt and cages don’t sting too much. Besides that, the chicken harvest period is around 55-66 days and can produce 180 eggs per brood/year. In joper male chickens, the body weight at the age of two months reaches 1 kg.
“Factors that influence success in the poultry production process are feed, seeds, and maintenance management. All three of these things have to go well. Feed has 80% role in poultry production, supported by breeding management to support success,” said Frita
“We hope that through this activity we can optimize the productivity of joper chickens in UD partner livestock groups. Beline Farm.” she continued (dta/Humas UB/Trans. Iir)