“Complete Feed” a Practical Solution to Provide Feed for Cattle

The main feed for cows that cannot be replaced is crude fiber since it can cause metabolic disorders in the rumen (stomach). Sources of fiber come from forage, straw, corn kernels, corn cobs, peanut shells, and others.

Meanwhile, to meet the needs of food substances in order to increase productivity, it is necessary to increase the provision of concentrates and supplements. Such as bran, pollard, table salt, urea, and molasses.

In practice, the feeds can be done simultaneously. The combination of forage, concentrate, and supplements is called a complete feed. Hence, the composition in it contains protein, crude fiber, crude fat, vitamins, and minerals.

The lecturer of ruminant expert at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry Universitas Brawijaya (Fapet UB), Prof. Dr. Ir. Kusmartono explained some of the advantages of using a complete feed which are the efficiency of time and energy for breeders, because they don’t need to look for grass every day. On the other hand, it also ensures the nutritional needs of livestock.

The instruction he conveyed during the extension activity to the Kucur Mandiri livestock group, Kucur Village, Dau District, Malang Regency. According to him, there is potential for the development of beef cattle farms since Kucur Village is one of the centers of beef cattle fattening with a population of thousands cattles.

The reason is that in mid-2020, from September to November, the former Vice Rector for Academic Affairs for the 2015-2019 period together with a team of lecturers consisting of Dr.Ir. Mashudi., M.Agr.Sc., IPM., ASEAN Eng, Poespitasari Hazanah Ndaru S.Pt., MP, and Asri Nurul Huda S.Pt., MP., M.Sc fostering the Kucur Mandiri livestock group.

They introduced the complete feed to make it easier for breeders to provide feed as well as increasing the types of products made by Kucur Mandiri livestock group. This is because the group which is chaired by Mislikan has succeeded in producing concentrate which is labeled “Kucur Concentrate”.

Concentrate creation was also accompanied by the Kusmartono team in 2018. At that time, the guidance given was in the form of socialization of introduction and processing of concentrates. Concentrate production uses local raw materials that are easily available, low-priced, and available year-round.

The concentrate is sold at Rp. 3,000, – per kg containing 11.09% crude protein. Mulyadi, as the group administrator, said that the average increase in his cow’s weight was 0.79 kg / head / day after using the concentrate product.

“Evaluating from the data, we see that the quality of the poured concentrate product must undergo evaluation and improvement. Therefore, we hope that complete feed can provide optimal results for livestock productivity there. ” concluded Kusmartono (dta/ Humas UB/ Trans. Iir)