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Living Recovery for Lapindo Mud Victims in Renokenongo Village

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Submit by denok on May 08, 2017 | Comment(s) : 0 | View : 1319

Renokenongo housings
Renokenongo housings
Surely everyone already knows one of huge disasters in Sidoarjo, East Java. Yes, Lapindo mud disaster is the well-known mention. Lapindo mud which have been perfusing since 29 May 2006 till recent still removing mud despite the decreasing volume. During the time, Lapindo mud disaster is controversial ranging from its causes up to types of disasters. In addition to controversy on the matters, which should be noted that Lapindo mud has been ruining life of tens of thousands of residents in Sidoarjo Regency. Other than bearing the loss on material/economy, there are still many losses which are borne by Lapindo mud victims. They were forced to leave their social environment, a hometown which there are the ancestral cultural values within. And so how their life after their village was submerged by mud?

Lapindo mud monument
Lapindo mud monument
The phenomena attract four students of Brawijaya University headed by Miftakhul Iftita, with members consist of Helmawati, Luaiyibni Fatimatus Zuhra and Gilang Mahadika to have research in Lapindo mud disaster in the aspect of anthropology study. With the supervision of Siti Zuraini, M.A., the PKM (Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa/Students' Creativity Program) team on social Humanities were then tried to reflecting on the recovery conducted by Lapindo mud victims for more than a decade. As the Lapindo mud victims consisted of various villages, then the team selected the victims from Renokenongo Village as the research informant, because the village also the centre of mudflow is located.

Based on interview result with the Lapindo mud victims of Renokenongo villagers and supported by literature study, the living recovery they have been conducting is very complicated. Once declared to be Lapindo mud victims, Renokenongo villagers were divided into two, the first were residents who accepted house contract money. The second were residents who were joined in Pagar Rekontrak (Paguyuban Warga Renokenongo Menolak Kontrak/Association of Renokenongo residents who reject the house contract money) who live in refugee camps for two years. Pagar rekontrak wants payment of compensation 100% in cash and so could be used for buying land together with their old group. Two years in refugee camp was not an easy thing. They should have various stuffs alternately. Many of them are jobless and so the life needs depend on the donor, their health also disturbed. After Lapindo stopped variety of assistance in refugee camps, on 2008 Pagar Rekontrak got out of the refugee camp and agreed on the contract money provided by Lapindo also financing scheme of 20:80.

Get out of the refugee camp in Pasar Baru Porong does not mean that the victims' suffering has ceased. Pagar Rekontrak prior to get out of the refugee camp has bought 10 ha lands in Kedungsolo village, Porong by using bailout funds of a member. Due to economic pressure, 2-year house contract money presented by Lapindo to several members of Pagar Rekontrak was used for living expenses, while they decided to live in huts for a year in the land they have bought. For a year they took a bath, washed the clothes and dishes and defecated in the river. In 2009 Pagar Rekontrak hand-in-hand with housing investor built 500 housing units for Lapindo mud victims especially Renokenongo villagers in Kedungsolo village which afterwards named as Renojoyo housing (abbreviated from the words of Renokenongo and Joyo or victorious). Purchasing of land and houses in Renojoyo housing was conducted by the residents in instalments, most of the residents just paid off after their money compensation was paid off by Lapindo in 2015. The comfort of owning a house just felt by the residents who live in Renojoyo housing. In the end of 2016, found that most of Renojoyo land was village's cash lands which actually may not be traded.

The existence of TKD amid the Lapindo mud victims housing of Renokenongo villagers made their life was returned to be disturbed. In the eleventh year of this mudflow, most of Renokenongo residents who live in Renojoyo housing, Kedungsolo Village was still felt worried with the existence of their houses. [PKMFIB/Humas UB/trans. Denok]



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