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Varicella Vaccine Protects 80 Percent of Human Body from Smallpox Monkey

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Submit by oky_dian on May 17, 2019 | Comment(s) : 0 | View : 824

Ilustrasi Penderita Cacar. Diambil dari dokumentasi halodoc
Ilustrasi Penderita Cacar. Diambil dari dokumentasi halodoc

The outbreak of monkey smallpox currently makes some people worry. It turns out that the monkey or Monkeypox smallpox virus can be prevented early by administering chickenpox or varicella vaccines. The roots of Skin and Gender Diseases from FK UB, Dr. Sinta Murlistyarini, SpKK said the spread of the monkeypox virus could be anticipated with the varicella vaccine with a protective rate of 80 percent.

He added that basically, the symptoms of monkeypox were similar to chickenpox such as fever, muscle aches, headaches, pimples filled with water all over the body, and skin rashes appearing on the face. But the difference is on the fifth to seventh day - Watery twins become festering and a little hard to the touch.

At the end of the second week, the nodule will become a scab that lasts about one height.

"After three weeks, the rash will disappear. Once it is gone, the pimples will no longer be contagious," Sinta said. Monkey monkeys include zoonotic diseases or diseases that spread from animal to human, or human to animal. Transmission through bites, scratches, direct contact with blood, body fluids or lesions in the skin and mucosa of wild animals such as primates (monkeys), rodents; and also eat infected animal meat that is not properly cooked.

Smallpox monkeys are vulnerable to attack people who have direct contact with infected animals either through blood, body fluids, urine or skin; eat meat from infected animals that are not properly cooked; direct contact with the person affected by the channel in the respiratory tract, or exposed to fluid on the plague on the skin.

"Transmission between humans can occur but is not easy and limited. Transmission can be through a respiratory fluid (coughing, sneezing) or injury to the skin," he said.

It has been a number of years (since 1970) that monkeypox spreads from infected animals. Initially in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, then 2007 became an Extraordinary Event in Nigeria.

In Indonesia, it was only talked about because there were cases in Singapore originating from Nigerian citizens.

"There needs to be a special screening at the airport for foreign tourists who will enter Indonesia, especially from Singapore or chickenpox endemic countries (Central Africa and West Africa)," he said.

Meanwhile, Lab Disease Staff in the Infected Tropical Division of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Brawijaya (FK UB) Dr.Didi Candradikusuma SpPD (K) explained that monkeypox is a disease caused by monkeypox virus infection.

This virus belongs to the orthopoxvirus group which includes variola virus (the cause of smallpox), vaccinia virus (used for vaccines against variola viruses) and cowpox viruses.

So one group monkeypox with the variola virus is known as the cause of smallpox which was declared extinct by WHO in the mid-1980s. However, it is different from the chickenpox virus (Varicella) which currently still often arises in the community.

The natural reservoir of the monkey virus is still unclear, but some species of African mice are thought to play a role in the transmission of this disease.

There are two genetic groups of monkeypox viruses, namely Central African and West African. Humans infected with the Central African monkeypox virus appear to be more clinically heavier than those infected by the West African virus group with a high mortality rate.

Human-to-human transmission occurs in the central African virus but is very limited for the West African monkeypox virus.

"Prevention of Monkeypox disease includes avoiding contact with infected rats and primates and limiting direct exposure to blood and meat of wild animals, limiting physical contact with infected people or contaminated material should be avoided, wearing gloves and other protective clothing as appropriate when handle infected animals and when caring for sick people, health workers are encouraged to vaccinate, and apply clean and healthy lifestyle "said Didi. [Fida / Oky Dian /Translated by Chika/ Humas UB]

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