Open dissertation exam of Mohamad IrfanAnoa is an endangered species and protected by law. Its physical is similar to cattle or buffalo but in smaller size. There two kinds of anoa including mountainous anoa (bubalus quarlesi) and lowland anoa (bubalus depressicornis). Animals scattered almost all over Celebes is included in aggressive type so they are difficult to be domesticated as livestock. Their habitat is in the forest which is far away from human reach.
However for rural communities in Central Celebes, anoa meat is an alternative food, even it has entered the market economy. In addition to meet animal protein needs, anoa is used as side income of communities around the forest.
The fresh anoa meat is marketed ranges 50-80 thousand rupiahs per kilogram, while the hamstrings are sold at prices 150 thousand rupiahs and the quads is priced as 75 thousand rupiahs. While for each anoa is priced starts at 8-10 million rupiahs.
Observing the problems, a lecturer at Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Tadulako University Palu Mohammad Irfan, S.Pt., M.Si had a research titled "Model of Anoa Development (bubalus depresicornis and quarlesi) Case Study in Donggala District, Central Celebes.
The research study covers exploration of factors which affects the occurrence of anoa hunting activities by communities in sub districts of Sirenja and Dampelas, District of Donggala. Its research method is is case study with quantitative and qualitative approach conducted since October 2016 until July 2017.
The research uses descriptive statistics analysis with respondent sampling in random sampling. It aims at obtaining an overview of variables of economy, health, social culture, anoa hunting activities, and regulation strategy to support anoa conservation.
The research indicates respondents' characteristics in Sibado Village, Subdistrict of Sirenja that people have hunting activities are around 76.39%. Meanwhile in Pani'I Village Subdistrict of Sirenja is around 46.39%. Averagely hunters are aged ranges 20-40 years old with education level of Primary School.
Meanwhile result of descriptive frequency analysis express that variable construction between factors of economy, health, and social culture in both villages is declared influential to anoa conservation variables. It indicates that tboth areas have human resources in low understanding level towards conservation of protected animals.
However, currently Pani'I villagers have accompaniment from Non-Government Organization and supporting the implementation of regulation strategy development on community based anoa conservation.
The research which is under supervisory commissioner of lecturers at Faculty of Animal Husbandry Prof. M. Nur Ihsan and Dr. Bambang Ali Nugroho ia prerequisite to get doctoral degree. Took place at sixth floor's Hall the open dissertation final examination was conducted on Friday (14/Sep/2018). [dta/Humas UB/trans. Denok]